• Der Zentrale Marktplatz in Ljubljana von Plečnik

Handel


Trade

Cross-border trade flows indicate countries generally seen as competitive for investment and with adequate supply. Vigorous export growth was as crucial to Slovenia’s economic recovery when the country gained independence 25 years ago as it is today when despite modest growth in the euro zone countries – Slovenia’s main trading partners –

no significant adverse impact is expected as the local exporters are building their presence in high-growth emerging markets.Trade between Slovenia and other EU member states is based on free movement of goods. Trade is carried out without customs control, customs duties, quantitative restrictions or any other measures

Folgende Informationen können wir Ihnen gerne in englischer Sprache zur Verfügung stellen.


When trading with non-EU member states Slovenia follows EU's foreign trade policy. Get an overview of foreign trade regime.

The document has been prepared by the Centre for International Cooperation and Development.

Slovenia's economy is highly dependent on international trade. The ratio of merchandise trade (imports and exports) to GDP is one of the highest in the region. External trade equals nearly 150% of GDP (exports and imports combined).

Exports and imports as a % of GDP, 2015


In the early 1990s Slovenia, faced with the loss of Yugoslav markets and the breakdown of transport and communications to south-eastern Europe, reoriented trade towards the EU and associated countries; these now account for over three-quarter of Slovenia's trade. Pre-transition trade links have not disappeared, however; by 2000, the decline of trade with countries of the former Yugoslavia and Russia had been halted.

Main Slovene trading partners, 2015

 
Export MarketsEUR million     Import MarketsEUR million    
Germany 4,948 Germany 4,423
Italy 2,694 Italy 3,630
Austria 2,032 Austria 2,735
Croatia  1,871 Croatia  1,370
France 1,182 Hungary 1,013
Poland 817 France 843
Russian Federation 792 The Netherlands                      822
Serbia 743 China  758
Hungary 698 Czech Republic 629
Bosnia & Herzegovina                    611 Poland  624
Czech Republic 557 Belgium 441
United Kingdom 534 Spain 408
TOTAL export 23,966 TOTAL import 23,208

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia; 2016

The product composition of merchandise trade, still dominated by semi-finished and intermediate manufacturing goods, is shifting gradually towards final, consumer goods. The shares of textiles, clothing and steel in merchandise exports are declining slightly, while those of automotive products, electronics and pharmaceuticals are increasing.

Main export trading products, 2014


Top 10 Slovenian exporters in 2014 (exports in EUR 000)

Company                                     Total exportsShare of export over total salesExports to EU

Exports to the states of former Yugoslavia

Krka Group 1,113,585 93% 616,725 51,947
Gorenje Group 1,063,153 85% 649,951 133,648
Lek Group 982,003 96% 398,503 25,690
Revoz d.d. 837,165 99% 836,901 0
SIJ Group 610,308 86% 486,349 19,220
Impol Group 464,013 95% 410,208 10,541
Kolektor Group 274,657 84% 163,650 18,928
BSH Hisni aparati d.o.o. 245,658 91% 234,755 10,903
Julon 227,777 97% 227,499 145
Hidria Group 220,000 89% 181,000 9,000

Source: Newspaper Delo, 2015 

In recent years the structure of Slovenian commodity exports has shifted in favour of products that use technology and human resources most intensively.

 

Main import trading products, 2014

Public procurement


About half of the national budget is spent through public procurement procedures. There are over 2,000 contracting authorities in Slovenia. Public procurement procedures follow economical principle and prescribes equal treatment of domestic and foreign bidders. 

Please find attached a PDF document with detailed information regarding public procurement.

The document has been prepared by the Centre for International Cooperation and Development.