• Ljubljana: Plečnik Market


Cross-border trade flows indicate countries generally seen as competitive for investment and with adequate supply. Vigorous export growth was as crucial to Slovenia’s economic recovery when the country gained independence in 1991 as it is today when despite modest growth in the euro zone countries – Slovenia’s main trading partners –

no significant adverse impact is expected as the local exporters are building their presence in high-growth emerging markets.Trade between Slovenia and other EU member states is based on free movement of goods. Trade is carried out without customs control, customs duties, quantitative restrictions or any other measures

When trading with non-EU member states Slovenia follows EU's foreign trade policy. Get an overview of foreign trade regime.

The document has been prepared by the Centre for International Cooperation and Development.

Slovenia's economy is highly dependent on international trade. The ratio of merchandise trade (imports and exports) to GDP is one of the highest in the region. External trade equals nearly 150% of GDP (exports and imports combined).

Exports and imports as a % of GDP, 2018

Source: Eurostat, 2019

In the early 1990s Slovenia, faced with the loss of Yugoslav markets and the breakdown of transport and communications to south-eastern Europe, reoriented trade towards the EU and associated countries; these now account for over three-quarter of Slovenia's trade. Pre-transition trade links have not disappeared, however and by 2000, thetrade with countries of the former Yugoslavia and Russia had started to increase.

Main Slovene trading partners, 2018

Export MarketsEUR million    Import MarketsEUR million   
Germany 6267 Germany


Italy 3851 Italy




Austria 3200
Austria 2362 Croatia  1684
France 1724 France 1274
Poland 920 Hungary 1141
Serbia 898 Netherlands 1064
Hungary                878 China 1010
Russian Federation


Poland 899
Bosnia and Herzegovina 783 Czech Republic 818
Czech Republic 749 Switzerland 761
Switzerland 719 Belgium 669
TOTAL export 30,858 TOTAL import 30,706

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia; 2019


The product composition of merchandise trade, still dominated by semi-finished and intermediate manufacturing goods, is shifting gradually towards final, consumer goods. The shares of textiles, clothing and steel in merchandise exports are declining slightly, while those of automotive products, electronics and pharmaceuticals are increasing.


Public procurement

About half of the national budget is spent through public procurement procedures. There are over 2,000 contracting authorities in Slovenia. Public procurement procedures follow economical principle and prescribe equal treatment of domestic and foreign bidders. 

Please find attached a PDF document with detailed information regarding public procurement.

The document has been prepared by the Centre for International Cooperation and Development.