Logistics & Distribution
KEY FIGURES 2016
Number of companies: 3,084
Number of employees: 24,764
Revenues (in €): 4.3 billion
Exports (in €): 2.1 billion
Source: AJPES, 2017
- freight forwarding and freight shipping,
- handling of goods,
- goods warehousing and storage,
- maritime and inland logistics terminal operations
- additional services
Slovenia offers unparallel expertise and knowledge of transportation services, distribution and warehousing services, retailing, and services involving information technology applications at reasonable cost.
Running the process of planning, storing, and controlling the flow of goods, services, and related information calls for well educated and highly skilled workforce and Slovenia has it all. It is easy to build a team of like-minded individuals who can deliver quality work and develop strong relationships with customers – valuable qualities when demand in developed economies remains subdued and industrial groups are slow to re-stock.
Command of at least one foreign language is an essential building block for success in the workplace. In Slovenia many speak more than one foreign language. Italian and Hungarian are spoken in ethnically mixed regions, while English, German and French are widely spoken. Intercultural skills are that help to communicate flexibly and sensitively with people from other cultures are also high and expats blend in easily.
In the sector, there are some 23,000 employees in about 2,700 companies. Some 1,400 students are enrolled in undergraduate courses for transport and logistics engineers. The number of students in secondary school for transport and logistics is 800.
Estimated gross annual labour costs in logistics & distribution for 2016
(Total cost per employee in €)
Quality Link to Regional Markets
Slovenia’s strategic geopolitical position and decades of trading with the countries of central, east and south-eastern Europe make it a location of choice for the distribution of goods to the EU’s 500 million consumer market and to the emerging markets of East and South-eastern Europe.
Two pan-European Transport Corridors that link west and east (V) and north and south (X) intersect on the Slovenian territory. Slovenia’s short coastline of the northern Adriatic Sea links it to the Mediterranean for goods which transit via Suez and Gibraltar. The flow of goods and the expansion of the cruise business is making transport and logistics significant for the economic development of the Mediterranean countries as important trade partners of the European Union.
A number of logistics parks constructed close to highways, rail, intermodal facilities and air-cargo airports, facilitates national and regional distribution, but further investments in transport infrastructure is necessary to become a logistics platform serving central and south-eastern Europe. Many Slovenian transport and logistics companies have expanded operations to the CSEE countries where Slovenia is one of the most important foreign investors.
Slovenia offers readily available industrial space for-lease or build-to-suit sites for distribution, warehouse, manufacture, office and retail needs. The country’s only deep-water cargo port is in Koper, the third largest Slovenian city and the biggest one on the Adriatic coast. With its transport and logistics infrastructure, the region has all the attributes of one of the best investment locations in the northern Adriatic region widely recognised as one of Europe’s strongest economic regions.
The port of Koper provides an unrivalled access to mainland Europe and particularly to the land-locked Central European countries to send and receive goods by sea. The port boast a broad line-up of facilities for booming container operations, auto and bulk business. It is the shortest link for transporters to the Mediterranean, and through the Suez Canal to the Middle and the Far East: cargo sent by rail to the distribution centre in the Port of Koper travels up to ten days less than cargo sent by sea from Europe’s northern ports. The port operator is planning a range of new facilities, as well as distribution and logistics functions to strengthen its status of an entry/exit port for the European internal market.
Slovenia’s well-developed transport infrastructure facilitates economic growth by improving mobility and logistics hubs cater to distribution and storage needs. To increase traffic flows and improve mobility, investment in the development of multimodal transportation and the modernisation of the existing infrastructure is a priority and co-financing from the EU Cohesion Fund is available for projects that enhance territorial cohesion between Member States.
The motorway density in Slovenia is above EU-28 average and Slovenia is easily reached from anywhere in Europe by car or lorry within a day or two. Currently, there are over 700 km of well-maintained motorways and over 1,000 km of trunk roads. The completion of the extended motorway network is scheduled for 2020 whe the 3rd development axix running from Austria straight down to Croatia will be completed.
Productivity/value added per employee, 2014
Value-added per employee
|Luka Koper (Port of Koper)||115,747|
|Rail cargo Austria||57,724|
|SZ - Tovorni promet (Slovenian Railways)||48,732|
|Adria Airways tehnika||43,279|
Source: Bisnode, 2015
For railway service to be profitable, infrastructure modernisation is high on the list of national priorities. Freight traffic is well developed, and the rail links between the Adriatic Sea and the landlocked CEE countries offer plenty of opportunities. Both freight and passenger rail service with south-eastern Europe is growing. The national rail operator Slovenian Railways (Slovenke zeleznice) runs both passenger and freight service and operates railway infrastructure including 60,000 m2 of warehouses.
As shippers upgrade their feeder routings, the port rotation covers Koper more often. Shipping to the Port of Koper from Asia means gaining up to ten days on cargo ships bound for Europe’s northern ports. Its total maritime throughput topped nearly 20 million tonnes and about 674,000 TEUs at end-2014. The port facilities comprise 12 modern and fully equipped specialised terminals, indoor and outdoor warehouses for general cargo and custom-built warehouses. Special advantages are available in 2.8 km2 of the port’s economic zone with 323,000 m2 of covered warehousing and slightly less than 1 million m2 of open-air storage. There is a new passenger terminal and the master plan for the expansion of the extension of piers 1 and 2 and a new car parking area.
Ljubljana International Airport 25 km from Slovenia’s capital city handles passengers and cargo. Several airlines operate scheduled flights to all important European destinations. The airport has been recently renovated, its infrastructure extended and the cargo terminal modernised. Aerodrom Ljubljana, now controlled by Fraport, one of the world's leading companies in the global airport business, serves as a hub to the Balkan region with 1.3 million passenegers and 19 million tonnes of cargo passing through Ljubljana's airport in 2014.
Maribor Airport mostly handles cargo transportation whereas only smaller planes can use Portoroz Airport pending investment in its expansion. Adria Airways, a regional Star Alliance member, boasts 50 years as a national airline and a modern fleet of aircraft.
Productivity in Services, 2014
Related GDP (PPP) per person employed in services (in €)
Transport corridors through Slovenia
- Adria Airways / 4K Invest (Passenger & cargo air transport)
- Adria Airways tehnika / Linetech holding (Maintenance centre for Canadian Bombardier aircraft)
- Adria Terminali (Warehousing & storage)
- Adria-Tow / Ocean (Vesse towing services in the Port of Koper)
- Aerodrom Ljubljana / Fraport (Airport and air transport services)
- Brus (Cargo transport)
- BTC (Storage & reloading)
- Cargo-partner / Multi transport and logistics holding (Transportation logistics provider)
- CAT logistic / Cat Compagnie D’Affretement et de Trans (Freight transport by road)
- DHL Ekspres Slovenija / Deutsche Post (Postal & courier activities)
- DSV Transport / DSV Road Holding (Transport support services)
- Elit'Avia (Private aviation services)
- Fersped (Forwarding & transport)
- Frikus / Frikus Friedrich Kraftwagentransport und Speditions (Warehouse logistics)
- Gebruder Weiss / GW International (Transport & logistics solutions)
- General logistics systems - GLS / General logistics systems (Parcel service provider)
- Glovis Europe / Glovis Europe (Comprehensive logistical services)
- Grieshaber logistika / Grieshaber Logistik (Logistics and forwarding services)
- Jurcic & Co. (Road haulage)
- Kuehne + Nagel / Kühne + Nagel Eastern Europe (Global logistics services)
- Luka Koper (Port of Koper) (Port, storage & reloading)
- PGS Koper / B. Pacorini (Leading logistics operator for green coffee in the Balkans)
- Rail cargo Austria / Rail cargo Austria (Transportation of goods)
- Schenker / DB Mobility Logistics (Transportation and logistics)
- Slovenske zeleznice (Slovenian Railways) (Rail transport, reloading & storage)
- Solinair / MNG Airlines (Airline carrier, maintenance and training)
- Spedicija Goja (Forwarding & transport)
- Splosna plovba / Dohle ICL (Sea & coastal freight water transport)
- T.L.Sirk (Transportation and logistics)
- TNT Express Worldwide / TNT Express Worldwide (Freight transport)