Education & educational system

Education & educational system

Knowledge is a key efficiency factor at the national, regional, enterprise and individual levels, and is becoming the most important production factor as well.


Curriculum reform at the primary and secondary levels of education was launched in the 1990s and its implementation was completed in 2003. Compulsory education now starts at age of six and lasts nine years. This nine year primary school brings different forms of ability grouping into the structure of basic education. General secondary education and vocational education have also been modified to prepare students to undertake learning also later in life. Within the framework of tertiary education, institutional and curriculum diversification has increased substantially, fuelled also by the need for adult education and retraining.


Slovenia is also taking part in facilitating international competitiveness of the European educational system. In respect to that, Slovenia is also a signatory to the Bologna Declaration of 19 June 1999, which focuses on the creation of the European area of higher education as a factor for social and human growth. Lifelong learning, comparable degrees, promotion of students’ mobility and employability are high on the government’s list of priorities. All faculties have already adjusted their study plan according to the Bologna Declaration.


Public expenditure for education as percentage of GDP, 2009

Source: IMD - World Competitiveness Yearbook, 2011

Lifelong Learning, 2010

% of the population aged 25-64 participating in education and training 

Source: Eurostat, 2012

Life-long learning refers to persons aged 25 to 64 who stated that they received education or training in the four weeks preceding the survey (numerator). The denominator consists of the total population of the same age group, excluding those who did not answer to the question 'participation to education and training'. Both the numerator and the denominator come from the EU Labour Force Survey. The information collected relates to all education or training whether or not relevant to the respondent's current or possible future job.


The use of computers in Slovenia at workplace and at home rivals the most developed countries. In 2011, 74 per cent of households in Slovenia had access to the Internet.