Transport Infrastructure

Transport Infrastructure


Two Pan-European transport corridors (No. V linking Barcelona and Kiev and No. X from Salzburg to Thessalonica) intersect at Ljubljana. Transit traffic has always played an important role and as the traditional transport and trade routes are being reopened, there is a clear upswing in road and rail transport services. An excellent track-record of Slovenian companies in this line of business coupled with modern transport infrastructure is a proven recipe for high-quality and cost-competitive services through Slovenia’s road and rail distribution network, freight forwarding and shipping services, goods handling, warehousing, safety of deliveries, maritime and inland logistic terminal operations and range of additional services according to the needs of client. Slovenia’s accession to the EU provides both Asian and EU manufacturers and traders with faster and more reliable trade routes that meet at fully equipped logistics centres. 

 

Transport corridors through Slovenia


Road network

 

The motorway density in Slovenia is higher than EU-28 average. The links with the neighbouring EU Member States and the southeast Europe is equally good as well. In other words, you will easily reach Slovenia from anywhere in Europe by car or lorry within a day or two. 

 

Proportion of motorways compared to the total road network

(km road/km2 land area)

Proportion of motorways
Source: European Union Road Federation, Yearbook 2014-2015

Road network in Slovenia in km, 2014

Road categories 

Motorways  Highways    Trunk roads    Regional roads    Local roads    Public paths  
677938195,13513,37218,788
Roads TOTAL38,884
International E-roads     
(off all roads)
728

 Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia, 2016  


Implementation of the National Motorway Construction Programme began in 1994 when Slovenia had less than 200 km of motorways. According to the Programme 533 km of motorways, expressways and other public roads were built since 1994. The construction and modernisation of the road network will continue and follow the target of 660 kilometres of modern higways, expressways and other public roads.

 

Further information:  Motorway Company in the Republic of Slovenia

 

 

Railway network

 

As railway service is regaining its importance, infrastructure modernisation on the Pan-European Transport Corridors No. V and X is one of national priorities. Freight traffic is well developed, and the rail links between the Adriatic Sea and the landlocked CEE countries offer plenty of opportunities.  


The Slovenian railway network is 2,178 km long. 

 

The broad network of railway lines enables door-to-door cargo transport services and the shunting yard in Ljubljana guarantees quick transport across Slovenia. Both freight and passenger service with southeastern Europe has grown over the last few years.

 

The national rail operator  Slovenian Railways (SŽ) runs both passenger and freight service and operates railway infrastructure including 60,000 m2 of warehouses. It also provides combined transport services, and has container terminals in Ljubljana, Maribor and Celje. In 2014, Slovenian Railways transported 18.8 million tons of goods and its trains travelled 4,278 million net ton kilometres.

 

National and international railway goods transport 

(in 1,000 tonns, comparison 2009 and 2014)

Railway goods transport
Source: Slovenian Railways, 2016

Passenger trains connect all parts of Slovenia. The Slovenian Railways network is linked to all major European cities with modern InterCity and EuroCity trains.

 

 

Maritime transport

 

Maritime cargo throughput in the Port of Koper (in 1000s of tons)

Maritime cargo throughput in the Port of Koper
Source: Port of Koper, 2016

The  Port of Koper, the largest of Slovenia's ports, represents the southern gateway to international commercial links between Europe and overseas. It lies on the shortest transport route linking commercial centres in Central and Eastern Europe with Mediterranean countries and countries along the Suez Canal. Shipping to the Port of Koper means gaining 7 to 10 days for ships arriving from Asia compared with sailing Europe’s northern ports. Your goods will be in Vienna, Munich or Prague in 24 hours or in two days’ time in Warsaw, Copenhagen or London. These facts have contributed to the development of the Port of Koper into a logistical and distribution centre significant at all times.

 

There are currently 12 modern and fully equipped terminals specialised for various types of goods. Port of Koper has also indoor and outdoor warehouses for general cargo and several special warehouses: 

  • Indoor warehouses for general cargo, 275,400 m2
  • Special warehouses for fruit, 73,000 m2
  • Outdoor warehouses for general cargo, 960.000 m2
  • Grain silos, 60,000 tons
  • Soya warehouse, 55,000 tons
  • Reservoirs for liquid cargo, 53,647 m3
  • Depots for dry bulk, 110,000 m2

 

Companies can enjoy special advantages in the port’s economic zone, which spreads over an area of 4.7 mn km2 and features 324,000 m2 of covered and sheltered warehouse facilities and slightly less than 1 mn m2 of open-air storage. With its entire range of high-quality basic and additional port services, confirmed by acquisition of the ISO 9001 quality certificate, as well as with all the advantages offered by the port’s economic zone, the Port of Koper establishes opportunities for business success. In making contacts, it also offers logistical, marketing, financial, information and investment support.

 

The Port of Koper also pays great attention to the environment. An environmental management system was therefore introduced in accordance with ISO 14001 standards.

 

In the year 2015, the Port of Koper set a new record as the maritime throughput achieved the mark over 20 million tons. 

 

Maritime cargo throughput structure in the Port of Koper in 2015

Maritime cargo throughput structure
Source: Port of Koper, 2016

At present the port is considering further expansion and is also debating the possibility of expanding the railway network in the region, which could lead to a further boost in business. 

 

 

Air transport   

 

 Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport, 25 km from the capital is the main Slovenian airport for passengers and cargo. Regular and charter flights carry passengers to all important European destinations. The airport is in a process of continuous transformation, becoming an important regional distribution and logistics centre. 

Year 2015 will be remembered in particular for integration of Aerodrom Ljubljana into the Fraport Group, and for a sharp increase in passenger numbers. Passenger numbers in public transport are up 10.3% on previous year at over 1.4 million passengers, while the total cargo tonnage is comparable (approx. 18,500 tonnes).   


 Maribor Airport mostly handles cargo transportation whereas  Portorož Airport has facilities for smaller planes only.

 

The national carrier  Adria Airways member of the Lufthansa group Star Alliance, boasts a modern fleet of aircraft. Following successful sale process of state-owned company in January 2016 the investment fund, 4K Invest, headquartered in Luxembourg, was selected as the final buyer. Investment fund 4K Invest will enable Adria Airways to grow again and develop.