The first strategic partnerships among domestic and foreign companies can be traced back to the 1970s (Bayer, Semperit, Naue). The first substantial FDI inflows at the end of the 1980s and the beginning of the 1990s were linked to the decision of foreign partners to invest in the equity of their Slovenian partners working under a foreign licence or on the basis of a contract (Renault, Bosch, Siemens, Henkel, ÖMV). In addition, there were the sales of troubled local companies owned by the Development Fund: e.g. Količevo karton, which was first sold to the Saffa Group and later to Mayr-Melnhof; Papirnica Vevče, sold to Brigl & Bergmeister). Those acquisitions were an overture to mass privatisation. The first entries in the area of financial services (Bank Austria, Creditanstalt) also date back to that period.
The largest recent FDI inflows are the post-privatisation takeovers (Goodyear) or classic takeovers (Lek-Novartis, Simobil-Mobilkom, SKB-Societe Generale, NLB-KBC etc).
Inward FDI into Slovenia by sector
(FDI stock as of year-end 2010 EUR 10,772 million)
Major foreign investors in Slovenia
Aviat Networks, Belimed, BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte, Brigl&Bergmeister, Carthago, Danfoss, E.G.O. Elektro Geräte, Ecolab, Geberit, GKN Italia, Goodyear Dunlop Tires Europe, Grammer Automotive, Gruppo Bonazzi, Hella, Henkel, Johnson Controls, Knauf Insulation, Lafarge Perlmooser, Meyr Melnhof, Odelo, Palfinger, Poclain Hydraulic, Renault, Safilo Group, Sandoz Group, Siemens, Sogefi, Solvay, Styria, Sun Roller, Unicut, Vogtronics, XAL, Wolford, Yaskawa
Hypo-Alpe-Adria Bank, KBC, Raiffeisen Bank, Intesa SanPaolo, Société Générale, UniCredit Bank
Aldi Süd, E. Leclerc, Eurospin Italia, Harvey Norman, Lidl, MOL, ÖMV, Rutar, Spar
AC Nielsen, Debitel, Deloitte, DHL, Ernst & Young, GfK, Grieshaber Logistik, KPMG, IBM, ISS Servissystem, McDonald's, Microsoft, Mobilkom, Oracle, PricewaterhouseCoopers, SAP, Schenker, Sodexho Alliance, S&T